Sand Fly-Borne Diseases

Sand fly - Phlebotomus sp.

The major health importance of sand flies is their capability of transmitting zoonotic protozoans of the Leishmania group. Worldwide, leishmaniosis - besides malaria, lymphatic filariosis and sleeping sickness - is one of the most important vector-borne diseases of humans and animals which presents a large variety of disease manifestations differing markedly in their severity and health impact.

Besides, sand flies are also known transmitters of the bacteria Bartonella baciliformis, the infectious agent of the Oroya fever, and the sand fly fever virus which leads to Pappataci fever or sand fly fever.


Looking for Vectors?



The CVBD Occurence World Map presents country-specific situations based on current scientific knowledge and feed-back from experts around the world in an easy-to-grasped way.


Bayer Animal Health supports education in parasitology and especially in the field of Vector-Borne Disease.  Access picture and video collections, discover the World Forum calendar, interesting links and our glossary.

CVBD World Forum

The CVBD World Forum is a working group of leading international experts with the mission to enhance knowledge and communication on companion animal vector-borne diseases for the improvement of animal, human, and environmental health.